The Suffragist Peace. Forthcoming with Oxford University Press, with Robert Trager.
The Consequences of Humiliation: Anger and Status in World Politics.
Cornell University Press (2020).
"The Consequences of Defeat: The Quest for Status and Morale Following Military Failure,” Journal of Conflict Resolution (January 2021).
"Women's Suffrage and the Democratic Peace," Barnhart, Joslyn, Robert F. Trager, Elizabeth Saunders and Allan Dafoe. Foreign Affairs, (August 2020).
"Status Competition and Territorial Aggression: Evidence from the Scramble for Africa,” Security Studies, 25 No. 3 (September 2016).
Works in Progress:
Governance of Emerging Technologies:
The study of arms races has focused on security motivations. But international races may also be motivated by prestige. This paper defines a ``prestige race" and outlines the significant ways in which such races differ from races for security. The paper illustrates the dynamics of prestige races within the cases of the Cold War Space Race and the burgeoning space race of today. The paper describes implications for the development of emerging technologies, including artificial intelligence.
"Gender, Innovation and Risk."
Women are, on average, more risk averse than men. They also tend to maintain more skeptical attitudes about emerging technologies than men, including GMOs and other biotechnologies. This article argues that including more women within decision making about AI development should generate more cautious and safer AI outcomes.
Gender and War:
"How Women Shape the Course of War: Women's Suffrage and the Election of 1916." Revise and Resubmit.
Studies have shown that across time and place, women on average are less supportive of the use of force than men. This implies that extensions of the franchise to women provide an opportunity to evaluate theories of democratic constraint on foreign policy decision-making. In this article, we use the extraordinary, yet unexplored case of the US Presidential election of 1916 to identify democratic constraints on foreign policy and of women's votes in particular. Re-elected on a platform of ``He kept the US out of war," Woodrow Wilson would fail to avoid war in Europe, but did pursue cooperative policies with Mexico that very likely prevented a second Mexican-American war.